The past five years have brought a sea change in urban climate action: increased awareness of the critical role that local leaders play in carbon reduction; new capacity in local governments to tackle climate change; and a sharper focus on strategies that advance energy efficiency, renewable energy, and clean transportation.
Notably, the city climate movement was critical in generating momentum to pass an ambitious climate compact in Paris. As Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Christiana Figueres said, “The Paris Agreement… sends a powerful signal to the many thousands of cities, regions, businesses, and citizens across the world already committed to climate action that their vision of a low-carbon, resilient future is now the chosen course for humanity this century.”
In the next 15 years, cities will be equally mission-critical in implementing the Paris accord. We know the ingredients to make this happen:
Transformation of the energy sector, through partnership with utilities and national and state government agencies. Tokyo and seven Chinese jurisdictions pioneered urban systems that cap and price carbon emissions. Cities from San Francisco to Sydney are taking the reins on clean energy transition planning. New York State, California, and Chicago are leading the charge to modernize the electricity grid and energy regulations. A clean grid will also enable another critical climate solution, electrified transportation.
New funding sources and financial tools. From Boulder, CO’s carbon tax and Johannesburg, South Africa’s green bonds to London’s Green Finance Initiative, cities are trying to raise the funds necessary to execute bold climate strategies. This need is not lost on the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate—a group of national finance ministers, former heads of state, and leading global economists—who called in 2015 for international financial institutions to develop a package of $1 billion over five years to support the world’s 500 largest cities in reducing climate pollution and building urban resilience.
Inclusion and participation of underrepresented communities in climate and energy decision-making. In March 2016, Got Green and Puget Sound Sage issued a call for climate justice, to involve communities of color and low-income communities at the front and center of climate and clean energy planning. On Earth Day 2016, Seattle announced its equity and environment action agenda, a model for other cities worldwide. Indeed, for climate solutions to be durable, they must be practical, profitable, and equitable.